It's tough to know where to start with Costa Rica, such is the
diversity of things to experience, but its commitment to
eco-tourism, which is something of a best in show on the global
stage, is certainly something to shout about. And the key stats
could boggle the best of brains; 25% of Costa Rica is protected in
National Parks or biological reserves and the country boasts 6% of
the planet's biodiversity. There are over 200 species of mammal,
nearly 600 species of bird and approximately a whopping 10,000
species of plant and tree.
Onto the diving. Costa Rica sits at the crossroads between the
Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean and this narrow strip that
connects the two Americas also separates two totally different
marine habitats. The Pacific's nutrient rich waters are wilder and
cooler than those of the Caribbean, but they attract a blizzard of
sea life; washing up from the south, they also bathe the Galapagos.
You almost wonder whether the country's Spanish settlers had early
access to scuba gear when they named it the 'Rich Coast'.
Key dive sites include Cocos Island (best done by liveaboard)
where you can see plenty of pelagics and Bat Island, known for its
famous bull shark dive. More generally, divers can expect to see
species such as eagle rays, white tipped reef sharks and parrotfish
while diving in Costa Rica.